History of the 20th Century in European Media

A Study of Narratives on Defining Historical Events for Ukraine’s Role in Global Processes

Research topics

  • The Holodomor;
  • World War II;
  • The Ukrainian avant-garde and the Executed Renaissance;
  • Democratization in the post-Soviet region and in the countries of the Eastern bloc;
  • The Chornobyl disaster.

Number of articles by topics

  • The Holodomor – 3117;
  • The Chornobyl disaster – 2839;
  • The Ukrainian avant-garde  – 549;
  • World War II – 507;
  • Democratization – 380.

Number of articles

Ukraine – 6359;

Russia – 816;

Germany – 80;

The United Kingdom – 57;

Poland – 43;

France – 37.

General conclusions and recommendations

  • Eliminating the “Russian perspective” as an interpretive lens requires many years of dedicated and consistent cultural diplomacy.
  • Cultural diplomacy institutions need to be aware of the most sensitive issues in the target country to find a common language and build a new dialogue on the political implications of the historical heritage.
  • The Ukrainian Institute should use common sets of meanings to reinforce the idea that Ukraine’s past is part of European history.
  • There is still a “gap” in historical perception between Western and Eastern Europe.
    To re-evaluate the history, culture and politics of Ukraine, it is necessary to look at the “European” elements of the history of Ukrainian culture through a postcolonial prism.
  • The promotion of relevant books and films can help raise awareness
    of important historical events.
  • An additional strategy could be spreading video content on social networks, which includes “personal stories” of Ukrainians who still remember some of the most tragic pages of Ukrainian history of the 20th century.