Holocaust Memorial Complex (menorah monument of 2002).
Before March 26, 2022.
Before March 26, 2022.
Drobytsky Yar is a ravine near Kharkiv that witnessed the Holocaust (Shoah) tragedy — the systematic mass shootings in 1941–1942. Preceding these horrific murders, the Wehrmacht troops occupied Kharkiv on October 24, 1941. The Nazi German command conducted a population census with separate lists of Jews and Roma. The Nazis organized a ghetto for them on the eastern outskirts of the city. All Jews and Roma brought together in the ghetto were murdered shortly.
People were driven in groups of up to 300 people to Drobytsky Yar and shot there. To save bullets, children were thrown into pits alive. In total, between 16,000–19,000 people were killed.
In the post-war Soviet era, the tragedy that had struck this place was almost forgotten. NGOs almost secretly carried out the research aimed at preserving the memory and compiling the Holocaust chronicles, mainly the lists of victims. After the restoration of Ukraine’s independence in 1991, Ukrainian authorities decided to commemorate the victims of Nazism buried in the Drobytsky Yar, and a year later the decision was made to build a memorial.
After March 26, 2022.
After March 26, 2022.
The memorial complex was unveiled in 2002. There is a 20-meter menorah at the entrance, an alley, and a mourning hall with the Chalice of Grief, where the names of the innocent victims are engraved.
Almost 80 years have passed since the dreadful tragedy of the Holocaust, but the world still cannot recover. For most of us, this is such a short time to forget it, but for others — enough to commit the same crime. In 2022, as a result of the military invasion of the Russian Federation, Ukraine suffered mass murders and burials again. Moreover, Russian invaders desecrated the memory of those who had perished in the most atrocious war in history. During the artillery shelling on March 26, the Russian army damaged the menorah monument in the Drobytsky Yar.
Whatever stored the memories may now become a memory itself.
Kharkiv National University named after Vasyl Karazin, founded in 1804, is one of the oldest institutions of higher education not only in Ukraine, but also in Eastern Europe.
National Literary Memorial Museum of the Ukrainian Philosopher and Poet (18th-century building).
The central square of Kharkiv. It ranks sixth in Europe. Here are the most important administrative institutions of the city.
190-years-old architectural monument in the classical style, built in 1832, which used to be the manor of Kharkiv officials and became an excellent illustration of Kharkiv’s life in the 19th century.
Built thanks to the cooperation of students, professors, and institute personnel of the Kharkiv Polytechnic between 1985 and 1991, the sports complex became the site for practising over 30 different kinds of sport, as well as an Olympic training base and the only sports facility in Ukraine to receive the State Award in architecture.
An ancient building, erected in one of the historical neighbourhoods of Kharkiv in the early 20th century. Several generations of Ukrainians have studied at this school for more than a hundred years.
A building of the beginning of the ХХ century in eclecticism style, which housed a female gymnasium from the time of construction and until the 1920s.
Church in the largest residential area of Kharkiv – Saltivka. The architecture of the building, built in 2013 for the Independence Day of Ukraine, resonates with Ukrainian Baroque traditions.
One of the largest Fine Arts museums of Ukraine. The museum’s collection is one of the oldest and most valuable artistic properties of Ukraine.
One of the oldest musical theaters and the first permanent opera house of Ukraine. Its history dates back to the end of the 18th century.
The main center of ensuring the accuracy of measurements in Ukraine with more than a century of history.
Former House of Judicial Institutions was constructed in the best Neo-Renaissance traditions. The building has the features of Italian palazzos and the exterior of the house stands out due to its sophisticated design.
An extraordinary building of the early 20th century in the architectural ensemble of the Constitution Square in Kharkiv built in the Art Nouveau and Neoclassicism styles.
In 1940, 3809 captive Polish officers and 500 Polish civilians were shot here by order of the Soviet government.
The oldest square in the city. From XVIII to early XX centuries, this place became the centre of the city culture.
This house became a home for Ukrainian writers and artists in 1928. The Soviet government built it for the Ukrainian intellectuals, but soon this place turned out to be a trap.
The cathedral is the oldest Orthodox church in Kharkiv and has great historical and art value.
A brick church constructed on the site of a wooden temple. The first mention of this building dates back to 1691.
Architectural monument, built in 1884–1886. For more than 130 years, the building has helped save the city and its citizens from fires.